Therapy dogs are being introduced at colleges to keep stressed students from dropping out

Therapy dogs are being introduced at colleges to keep stressed students from dropping out

Therapy dogs are used in more than 1,000 universities and colleges in the US
Therapy dogs are used in more than 1,000 universities and colleges in the US. Source: Getty Images/BBC

Therapy dogs are Majical. They have proven to lower stress and help support patients suffering from PTSD, blindness, and even diabetes. Recent studies have also shown that therapy dogs are even helping college kids manage their stress so they don’t drop out of school.

It has become increasingly common for universities to bring “therapy dogs” on to campus – but claims about their benefits have often been anecdotal.

Now, scientists say they have objective evidence to support the use of dogs.

Patricia Pendry, from Washington State University, said her study showed “soothing” sessions with dogs could lessen the negative impact of stress.

Dogs 'prevent stressed students dropping out'
Dogs ‘prevent stressed students dropping out’. Source: Getty Images/BBC

The study of more than 300 undergraduates had found weekly hour-long sessions with dogs brought to the university by professional handlers had made stressed students at “high risk of academic failure” or dropping out “feel relaxed and accepted”, helping them to concentrate, learn and remember information, she said.

Dogs 'prevent stressed students dropping out'
Dogs ‘prevent stressed students dropping out’. Source: Getty/BBC

“Students most at risk, such as those with mental health issues, showed the most benefit,” said Dr Pendry.

The study was supported by the Mars group, which as well as funding animal research, includes chains of veterinary surgeons, pet hospitals and pet-food brands.

In the US, about 1,000 campuses are using therapy pets.

It has also become more common in the UK, with Buckingham, University College London, Cambridge, Nottingham Trent, London Metropolitan and Swansea among those deploying dogs.

The dog therapy research team at Washington State University
The dog therapy research team at Washington State University. Source: BBC

The University of Middlesex has even put “canine teaching assistants” on to the staff, to stop lonely students dropping out. Previous research has suggested stroking pets can reduce stress hormone levels.

“There does seem to be something specific about the reducing of anxiety from the petting of animals,” said Dr Pendry.

Students spent an hour with dogs, brought to the university by professional handlers
Students spent an hour with dogs, brought to the university by professional handlers. Source: BBC

“Do we fully understand the mechanism? No,” said Prof Nancy Gee, a psychologist at the State University of New York and researcher from the Waltham Centre for Pet Nutrition, also part of the project.

But students appeared to “feel calmer and more socially supported”, giving them more confidence in their studies. Even just looking at animals could sometimes lighten the mood, Prof Gee added.

Source BBC


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